Text Structures refer to features that are common to specific genres. For example, nonfiction texts typically include a table of contents, maps, charts, etc., while narrative texts contain elements of character, setting, problem, solution, etc.
Text Structure also refers to how a text is organized. Common structures of nonfiction texts include: Description or Listing, Sequence, Compare and Contrast, Cause and Effect, and Problem and Solution.
Each genre follows a distinct structure(s). Readers must be able to recognize a variety of text structures and organize their thinking to facilitate comprehension.